Topic outline

  • Health Science

    healthWelcome to Olive Grove Charter School's Health Science class on MOODLE!  Health Science is a California State requirement to graduate from high school.  You will learn health issues from all major areas of health education, which include physical, mental, and social health. During this course, you will develop skills needed in confronting difficult situations; understand health prevention and promotion techniques that establish a solid personal health education; and become health literate in making positive and healthy decisions.  

    You will complete assignments that require personal reflections on health choices, take online quizzes that evaluate your personal health decisions, as well as read about various topics influencing and impacting overall health.  Chapter tests will conclude each chapter, while two exams will re-examine previous material from prior tests.  Finally, with your Independent Study teacher, you will design a health course project.  In designing your health course project with your Independent Study teacher, both of you will determine your health topic, tasks involved, due dates, and methods for submission (online and/or in person).  Both you and your Independent Study teacher will have "creative control" of your required health course project.

    Be sure to carefully read the course syllabus and navigate through the Health Science course room.  Finally, discuss with your Independent Study teacher his/her expectations and requirements for your successful completion of Health Science.


    Student Learning Outcomes

    Upon the successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

    • Understand the functioning of their body and the importance of making wise decisions to protect their health and well-being.

    • Understand the foundation of healthy living is the knowledge that their health is in their hands and is based upon their day-to-day decisions.

    • Students will be able to base present and future decisions, on topics such as drugs, alcohol, diet, and exercise from relevant and fact-based literature.




  • Week 1: Making Healthy Decisions

    HealthRead Chapter 1 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 1.


    What is health?  How can you identify health risks?  How can you take responsibility for your health?  In chapter 1, you will learn what is used to evaluate overall health, what factors influence health, and what steps you can take to meet personal health goals.




  • Week 2: Mental Health

    esteemRead Chapter 2  in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 2.

    Personality, Self-Esteem, and Emotions.


    In chapter 2, you will learn about personality and self-esteem.  Personality consists of behaviors, thoughts, and attitudes.  Heredity and environments both play a role in personality development, which evolves over the course of one's lifetime.  An individual's self-esteem may effect his or her health.  Like personality, self-esteem changes over the course of one's lifetime.  According to Maslow, a person's basic needs, including esteem, must be met before the person can achieve self-actualization.



  • Week 3: Mental Health

    stressRead Chapter 3 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chaoter 3.

    Managing Stress.


    Stress impacts health.  In chapter 3, you will learn what causes stress, how stress affects your body, and how stress differs between individuals.  Stress is how a person responds to a challenge or threat.  Stress can be caused by four types of events:  major life changes, catastrophes, everyday problems, and environmental problems.  How one responds to stress impacts one's body.  The body responds to stress in three ways:  alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.  How an individual responds to stress depends on how they assess the situation.  People who are pessimistic or perfectionists tend to assess situations more negatively.  Resilience, or the ability to bounce back from stress, depends on the support system of the individual.



  • Week 4: Mental Health

    mental disorderRead Chapter 4 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 4.

    Mental Disorders and Suicide.


    Overall health includes mental health, which can be compromised by mental disorders, eating disorders, depression, and suicide.  In chapter 4, you will learn about mental disorders, which are illnesses that affect the mind and reduce a person;s ability to function.  Mental disorders have a variety of symptoms and causes, and they also vary widely in severity.  Eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulemia, are characterized by abnormal behaviors related to food.  Eating disorders mostly affect females, but males may suffer from eating disorders, as well.  Depression and suicide may stem from prolonged feelings of sadness and hopelessness.  If left untreated, depression is a major risk factor for suicide.  By understanding the risk factors and protective factors for suicide, suicide may be precented.


  • Week 5: Social Health

    familyRead Chapter 5 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 5.

    Family Relationships.


    The family is the basic unit of society, in which children first learn to relate to others.  An increased number of women in the workforce, a high divorce rate, and the postponement of marraige have caused chnages in the American family.  Families vary, but they all share important qualities and responsibilities.  Sometimes family units breakdown.  Financial problems, illness, divorce, and drug abuse are all sources of stress that may negatively impact the family unit.  


  • Week 6: Social Health

    friendsRead Chapter 6 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 6.

    Building Healthy Peer Relationships.


    Peer relationships are also important to the overall health of an individual.  Skills that help a person communicate effectively include active listening, using "I" messages, being assertive, and using appropriate body language.  Cooperation also builds strong relationships based on trust, caring, and responsibility.  Compromise is also an important skill for conflict resolution.  Through effective communication, cooperation, and compromise, healthy friendships form.  Friendships offer a sense of belonging.  Friends can offer honesty, encouragement, and understanding.  However, when communication, cooperation, and compromise breakdown, jealousy, envy, and cruelty may breakdown a friendship.



  • Week 7: Social Health

    violenceRead Chapter 7 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 7.

    Preventing Violence.


    The costs of violence includes costs to the victim, the assailant, and to society as a whole.  Risk factors for violence include poverty, family violence, exposure to media violence, availability of weapons, drug abuse, and gang membership.  Violence has taken its toll in the form of school shootings.  Students who use weapons in school often are acting out on the rage they feel as victims of harassment.  Anger is at the root of most arguments and fights.  It is often more difficult to avoid a fight when friends or bystanders are present.  The main reason for domestic violence and dating violence is one person's desire to have control over another.


  • Week 8: Physical Fitness

    Read Chapter 11 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 11.movement

    Movement and Coordination.


    Movement and coordination is the collaborative effort of your skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems.  The skeletal system supports the body, protects internal organs, allows for body movement, and stores and produces materials that the body needs.  The muscular system comprises of smooth muscles that cause involuntary movements in the body.  Cardiac muscle, found only in the heart, pumps blood throughout the body.  Skeletal muscle causes body movements by moving bones.  Muscles get stronger with regular exercise.  The nervous system senses information inside and outside the body, processes the information, and forms a response to it.  The nervous system is divided into the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.  It is vital for overall health to protect the nervous system.


  • Week 9: Physical Fitness

    cardioRead Chapter 12 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 12.

    Cardiovascular and Respiratory Health.


    The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.  The functions of the system include delivering materials, removing wastes, and fighting disease.  Hypertension and high blood cholesterol are two factors that increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.  The respiratory system brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide from the body.  It is important to keep the respiratory system healthy.

  • Week 10: Physical Fitness

    exerciseRead Chapter 13 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 13.

    Exercise and Lifelong Fitness.


    Physical activity has physical, psychological, and social benefits.  Physical activity improves the five components of physical fitness:  cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition.  A plan for achieving lifelong fitness requires defining goals, developing a program, and monitoring progress.  Most injuries can be avoided if one gets proper medical care, wears safety equipment, and pays attention to surroundings and weather.  Also, proper food and water intake are important for lifelong fitness.  Finally, lifelong fitness can be achieved by avoiding harmful substances, overtraining, and sports-related injuries. 

  • Week 11: Physical Fitness

    personal careRead Chapter 14 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 14.

    Personal Care.


    Personal care is vital to physical health and overall health.  Healthy teeth and gums are essential for speaking clearly and chewing food.  The gums hold the teeth firmly in place.  Healthy teeth and gums can be maintained by eating a healthy diet, taking proper care of the teeth, and getting regular dental checkups.  Skin, hair, and nails are also important aspects of personal care.  The skin protects the body, regulates temperature, and gathers information.  Hair protects the scalp and helps to insulate the body.  Nails cover and protect the tips of the fingers and toes.  Eyes and ears are also vital, as they send impulses to the brain, which interprets the impulses as images and sounds.  Finally, sleep and fitness are necessary for good physical health, as sleep allows the body to recharge and fitness keeps the body in good condition.

  • Week 12: Mental Health, Social Health, and Physical Fitness Exam

    testComplete the following exam covering chapter's:  1-7 and 11-14.

  • Week 13: Substance Abuse

    alcoholRead Chapter 15 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 15.



    Alcohol may cause confusion, decreased alertness, and other depressant effects.  Using alcohol is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 in the United States.  Underage drinking is influenced by family, peers, and the media.  Intoxication by alcohol causes many negative effects on the body and behavior.  Long-term alcohol abuse may harm the brain, liver, heart, and digestive system.  Drinking alcohol during pregnancy may permanently harm the baby.  Alcoholism progresses in three stages:  problem drinking, absolute dependence, and late-stage alcoholism.  Likewise. recovery also progresses in three steps:  acknowledging the problem, detoxification, and rehabilitation. The best way to avoid alcohol abuse is to stick to a decision to not drink, avoiding situations where alcohol is present, and saying no confidence.  

  • Week 14: Substance Abuse

    tobaccoRead Chapter 16 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 16.



    Tobacco use is heavily influenced by friends, family, and the media.  Tobacco products include cigars, cigarettes, pipe tobacco, and smokeless tobacco (chew).  Nicotine causes increased heart rate and blood pressure  and may lead to addiction.  Tar and carbon monoxide are other dangerous substances in tobacco.  Long-term health risks of tobacco use and second-hand smoke include respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and cancers.  Pregnant women who smoke also put thier babies into danger for many health problems.  In order to avoid problems with tobacco, it is important to say no with confidence and make the decision to not use tobacco.  Health benefits of quitting tobacco use begin immediately.  Thus, it is never too late to quit tobacco use.

  • Week 15: Substance Abuse

    drug abuseRead Chapter 17 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 17.

    Preventing Drug Abuse.


    Drug abuse occurs when people intentionally use any kind of drugs for nonmedical purposes.  When drugs are misused or abused, they can cause many serious health effects, legal problems, and relationship problems.  Family, social, and personal factors influence the potential for drug abuse.  It is important to have strong protective factors to avoid drug abuse.  Drugs act as depressants, stimulants, or hallucinogen.  Treatment for drug abusers include detoxification, therapy, and supervised medication.  Drug abuse can be avoided by remaining drug free.

  • Week 16: Community Health and Safety

    public healthRead Chapter 24 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 24.

    Safeguarding the Public.


    The healthcare system and public health work together to safeguard the public.  The healthcare system comprises providers, such as doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.  Choosing a dictor requires careful consideration.  Good healthcare is made affordable with health insurance.  The public health system works to prevent disease and promote positive health behaviors.  Global public health efforts provide services and funding to help developing nations overcome problems such as malnutrition, lack of basic medical care, poor sanitation, and lack of clean water.

  • Week 17: Community Health and Safety

    communityRead Chapter 25 in your Health textbook and review the PowerPoints for Chapter 25.

    A Healthy Community and Environment.


    A person belongs to many different kinds of communities, including city or town, neighborhood, school, and cultural communities.  Community factors influence one's physical and social health.  Air pollution can damage the respiratory system and harm other parts of the body.  Air quality is impacted by government regulations and personal actions.  Hazardopus wastes threatens plants and animals, including humans.  Two keys to building a sense of community are civic engagement and a shared vision of the future.  There are three steps to getting involved in a community:  become informed, volunteer, and be an advocate.

  • Week 18: Substance Abuse and Community Health & Safety Exam

    test 2Please complete the following exam for chapter's:  13-17, 24 and 25.

  • Health Project

    projectThis section is for the development and final submission of your health project as coordinated between you and your Independent Study teacher.  


    You may upload and submit project components, "works in progress", and final works that are to be submitted online.  Be sure to communicate with your teacher all expectations of the course project, as some project components may be submitted in person.  


    Your health project will be designed by you and your Independent Study teacher.  The health project is a required task for the health science class, and must be completed.  However, the exact details, topics, and tasks, as well as what is to be submitted online and in person, are to be determined by you and your Independent Study teacher.

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